Impact of a Traumatic Brain Injury

by Terry Bryant

TBI_brain_injury_full

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) suffered as a result of an accident are often serious and tragic. Each year, TBIs account for 2.5 million emergency room visits, 280,000 hospital visits, and 50,000 deaths.

Many forms of brain injuries can be associated with personal injury cases (e.g. motor vehicle accidents, slip-and-falls), criminal acts (e.g. assault and battery), and on-the-job accidents. Traumatic brain injuries may have an affect on a victim’s ability to think, feel, and communicate, and include concussions, contusions, diffuse axonal injuries, and penetration injuries, among others.

Parts of the Brain and its Functions

There are 6 sections of the brain that allow humans to function. Each section is responsible for a number of abilities – including memory, motor skills, problem solving, and more.

functional_sections_brain

Frontal Lobe:

  • Problem solving
  • Attention
  • Emotion
  • Reasoning and judgement

Injuries may affect:

  • Ability to control emotions
  • Impulses
  • Behavior
Temporal Lobe:

  • Memory
  • Language
  • Hearing
  • Organization

Injuries may affect:

  • Memory Communication
Parietal Lobe:

  • Sensory input
  • Visual functions
  • Depth perception

Injuries may affect:

  • Five primary senses (Touch, Smell, Vision, Hearing, Taste)
Occipital Lobe:

  • Visual

Injuries may affect:

  • Visual problems
  • Trouble perceiving the size and shapes of objects
Cerebellum:

  • Balance
  • Coordination
  • Motor skills

Injuries may affect:

  • Movement
  • Balance
  • Coordination
Brain Stem:

  • Breathing
  • Heart rate
  • Consciousness
  • Arousal
  • Sleep patterns

Injuries may affect:

  • Involuntary functions essential for survival


Furthermore, the brain is divided into two hemispheres, both responsible for different functions. An injury to either side of the brain may result in the following injuries:

hemispheres_brain

Left:

  • Analytical
  • Logic
  • Organization
  • Detail oriented
  • Precise

Injuries to the left hemisphere may cause:

  • Difficulties with language and communication
  • Impaired logic
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Sequencing difficulties
Right:

  • Creativity
  • Imagination
  • Intuition
  • Conceptualization

Injuries to the right hemisphere may cause:

  • Visual and spatial impairment
  • Altered creativity and music perception
  • Memory loss
  • Attention impairments

Terry Bryant Can Help if You’ve Suffered a Brain Injury

An accident resulting in a traumatic brain injury requires a dedicated and knowledgeable team. At Terry Bryant Accident & Injury Law, we have the experience and resources to handle serious personal injury cases, including TBIs. Contact us today at 1 (800) 444-5000 to learn more about our services.

Sources:

https://www.terrybryant.com/brain-injury

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/traumatic-brain-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20378557

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/ss/ss6609a1.htm?s_cid=ss6609a1_e

http://synapse.org.au/information-services/the-many-effects-of-a-brain-injury.aspx