Brain Injury Lawyers Protect Injured Victims and Their Families
Suffering any form of brain injury from an accident is serious, and usually tragic. When adults or children endure brain damage, doctors don’t know if their behavior will change or whether they will develop some sort of personality or cognitive disorder. The prognosis in either case can be elusive. And the expense of coping with permanent brain damage can run into the millions of dollars in some cases and last the rest of their lives.
Brain injuries can affect a victim’s ability to think, feel, and communicate. They may be closed or open (skull fracture). Most are caused by an external force. Many forms of brain injuries can be associated with personal injury cases (e.g. motor vehicle accidents, slip-and-falls), criminal acts (e.g. assault and battery), and workplace accidents. Traumatic brain injuries (TBI’s) include concussions, contusions, diffuse axonal injuries, and penetration injuries. If you or someone you love suffered a brain injury due to someone else’s negligence, the experienced brain injury lawyers with Terry Bryant Accident & Injury Law can help protect your legal rights.
Types of Severe Brain Injuries
There are several primary classifications of traumatic brain injuries (TBI’s):
- Concussions are the most common form of TBI. These closed brain injuries are caused by direct impact trauma to the head: suffering a fall; getting punched, kicked, shot, or shaken; whiplash in a car crash; or other accidents. One does not have to lose consciousness to suffer a concussion. Some present with non-obvious symptoms: confusion, dizziness, foggy mind. If you’ve suffered any form of direct impact trauma to your head and think you may have had a concussion, see a doctor. Severe concussions can produce permanent damage.
- Contusions, localized bleeding into the brain, are also associated with direct impact trauma to the head. Contusions may need to be surgically removed, as a potentially fatal blood clot often forms at the contusion site. Contusions may also occur apart from the direct impact site when the force of impact is so great that the brain slams into the opposite side of the skull, creating a second contusion on that opposite impact area.
- Diffuse axonal injury is caused by severe shaking or rotational forces which create tears in the brain structure as the skull shears the brain’s edges. This tearing causes neuro-chemical disruptions within the brain which could become permanent and lead to coma or death. Symptoms depend on which brain structures are torn. There may be motor function disruption, memory loss, motor sensation disruption, olfactory disruption, and more. Anyone can suffer a diffuse axonal brain injury, though it is commonly called “shaken baby syndrome.”
- Penetration injuries are caused by sharp objects forcefully entering the skull and brain. When the object goes through the brain, there may be lost tissue (which exits the skull), shearing, tearing, and rupturing of tissue. One who survives this potentially fatal injury will display profoundly negative, long-term effects.
Non-TBI’s resulting from oxygen deprivation can have the same long-term effect on patients. There are two main types of oxygen-deprivation brain injuries.
- Anoxia is caused by oxygen deprivation to the brain. Within a relatively short time – as little as a few minutes – cell death begins, which can result in serious functional damage to different brain systems and possible death. There are different kinds of anoxia, which include anoxic (standard anoxia), anemic (blood isn’t carrying oxygen), and toxic (toxins are blocking oxygen use), among others. Severe brain injuries at birth, and accidental drownings which result in cerebral palsy, are commonly caused by anoxia (https://www.healthline.com/health/anoxia#signs-and-symptoms2).
- Hypoxic brain injury is similar to anoxia, except that the oxygen deprivation is not absolute. With a Hypoxic brain injury, the patient receives some oxygen, but the levels can be so low that over a longer period of time, cell death still can occur. The eventual cell death, if left untreated, may also produce functional damage in the patient and possibly death. This injury is also often associated with drowning and birthing injuries.
Often, traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be avoided.
Yet it remains one of the most common, costly, and disabling injuries in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It says TBIs account for approximately 2.2 million emergency room visits, 280,000 hospitalizations, and 50,000 deaths annually. Read More
The Need for an Experienced Brain Injury Attorney
Severe accidents causing traumatic brain injuries are often accompanied by spinal cord injuries. At Terry Bryant Accident & Injury Law, we have the resources and experience to handle cases involving a variety of brain and spinal cord injuries. At Terry Bryant, our legal professionals want to help you get the compensation you or your loved one deserves after a brain or spinal cord injury due to someone else’s negligence. Contact our legal staff 24/7 at (800) 444-5000, or complete our free initial consultation form today.
Infographic: An Introduction to TBI