Treatment For Steven Johnsons Syndrome
We’re here to assist patients who have undergone Stevens-Johnson Syndrome treatment as a result of an allergic reaction to certain medications.
Common triggers for the illness include medications such as sulfa-containing antibiotics including penicillin, anticonvulsants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and barbiturates. Even common over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen may present a risk in sensitive individuals.
SJS treatment first and foremost centers on an attempt to determine the underlying cause of the illness. Medications are by far the most common known causes, although some rare cases caused by viral infections (including herpes, HIV and hepatitis) have also been reported. In up to half of all cases, however, physicians are unable to determine the root cause of the illness.
In the event the symptoms can be linked to an allergic reaction to medications, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome treatment involves the immediate cessation of the medication in question. Family members of the sufferer should be notified of the medical emergency and cautioned against using the offending drug, as a genetic predisposition may put the patient’s relatives at risk as well.
Allergy symptoms can range from mild to severe, and even life-threatening. Common symptoms are blotches and rashes, blisters around the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth, nose and genital areas, fever, and swelling of the eyelids. If left untreated, this painful and potentially disfiguring illness may result in vision problems including blindness, scarring of the skin or vital organ systems, and death.
One of the first steps of SJS treatment necessitates the administration of topical and/or oral corticosteroids to minimize swelling and halt the spreading of rashes and blotches. Treatment for Steven Johnsons of more serious cases may require the expertise of specialty physicians. The patient may be referred to a burn center to address widespread skin damage and skin shedding (Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis). In severe cases, a sterile environment may be needed to prevent infection and ensure healing, and skin grafts may be performed. In cases affecting a patient’s vision, an ophthalmologist may be called upon to evaluate the patient in an effort to identify and limit possibly permanent or future eye damage.
For the most effective SJS treatment, it is imperative that the sufferer seek medical attention immediately. The illness affects people of all ages, with cases in children reportedly on the rise. Stevens-Johnson Syndrome treatment should be sought right away at the first signs of a rash on mucous membranes, breathing difficulties, swelling or blisters. Other early warning signs include headaches, a persistent cough and body aches. Symptoms may not appear until up to two weeks after ingesting the allergy-provoking medication. Nevertheless, early diagnosis is crucial to prevent long-term health problems or complications. The illness is a potentially deadly health crisis that warrants a 911 call.
Depending on the severity of the illness, recovery can last up to several months. Patients will have to diligently avoid the medication that triggered the allergic reaction — and other drugs related to it — in the future.
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