Common Questions About Mirena
How Does a Mirena IUD Injury Occur?
Implant migration is the most common and serious complication and occurs when the implant punches through the uterus and into the pelvic cavity. As it moves, it can cause serious organ damage, internal bleeding, pain and even infertility.
Even when all precautions are taken, there has been a number of serious health complications linked to this device. Serious complications include pelvic inflammatory disease, pregnancy complications, breast cancer and implant migration.
Can the Mirena IUD Cause Infertility?
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection that can cause intense pain and serious scarring in the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. If the scarring is bad enough, it may leave the woman infertile.
Pregnancy complications include ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. This is most common in the fallopian tubes, and is considered a medical emergency. If not addressed immediately, it can threaten the woman’s life.
Whenever a woman receives some type of hormonal treatment, the results can be unpredictable. Until recently, there was no data linking this device to increased cancer risk. On July 28, 2014, though, Obstetrics & Gynecology, a respected medical journal, revealed a study that found a 20 percent higher risk of breast cancer in women receiving levonorgestrel-based birth control.
How Does This Birth Control Implant Work?
This implant, like other intrauterine devices, is placed in the uterus and secured there for years. Once implanted, it steadily releases tiny amounts of progestogen, a synthetic steroid hormone. The progestogen makes pregnancy much more difficult in three ways. First, it “convinces” the body that it is pregnant, preventing the release of eggs. Second, it thins the lining of the uterus, making egg implantation much more difficult. Third, it thickens the mucus lining in the uterus and vaginal canal, reducing the likelihood of sperm reaching the egg.
Implant placement and removal should only be done by a qualified medical practitioner. A thorough physical exam of the pelvic region is required to spot any possible complications during implantation.
What is the History of Mirena IUD Injury Claims?
The implant was approved for use in 2000 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Since 2000, more than 70,000 separate cases of adverse events have been sent to the FDA. The first lawsuits were filed against the device’s manufacturer, Bayer, in 2012. In the months since, hundreds of suits have been filed, including more than a 1,000 in New York.
What are Some Other Concerns?
Claims against Bayer cite poor product testing and research on the part of the manufacturer. They also point to a 2009 FDA citation sent to Bayer. In this citation, the FDA pointed out several misleading claims made by Bayer during its marketing of the implant. According to the FDA, these ads overstated the benefits of the implant and downplayed its risks, leading patients to believe that the implant was much safer than it really was.